Thanks to the network routing features available on Windows Server, you can transform your server into a router and also manage port forwarding (for example) if you wish.
The most known type of routing is of course NAT, because your usual router (also called Box since the ISP provide modems/routers) does it.
However, there is also the RIP (or RIPv2) routing protocol which is used for the operation of the Internet and which makes it possible to dynamically route network packets from one network to another based on the default routes, the static routes and a metric (order of importance). In short, without RIP, the Internet (which is the largest network in the world) simply will not exist (or not as it's today anyway).
Windows Server 4/28/2012
Windows Server 8/8/2012
Windows Server 4/22/2015
Windows Server 12/9/2016
Windows Server 12/3/2016
Windows Server 11/23/2017
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